Breast cancer female
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What you need to know about breast cancer
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This cancer is found in the ducts of the breast and hasn't developed the ability to spread outside the breast. Femxle form of cancer rarely shows as a lump in the breast that can be felt, and is usually found on a mammogram. The most common type of non-invasive cancer is ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS. Invasive breast cancer Invasive cancer has the ability to cander outside the breast, although this Brast necessarily mean it has spread. The most common form cancsr breast cancer is invasive ductal breast cancer, which develops in the cells that line the breast ducts.
Other types of breast cancer Other Breast cancer female common types of breast cancer include invasive lobular breast Breast cancer female, which develops in the cells that line the milk-producing lobules, inflammatory breast cancer and Paget's disease of the breast. It's possible for breast cancer to spread to other parts of the body, usually through the lymph nodes small glands that filter bacteria from the body or the bloodstream. If this happens, it's known as "secondary" or "metastatic" breast cancer. Description of a breast cancer optimally includes all of these factors.
Breast cancer is usually classified primarily by its histological appearance. Most breast cancers are derived from the epithelium lining the ducts or lobules, and these cancers are classified as ductal or lobular carcinoma. Carcinoma in situ is growth of low-grade cancerous or precancerous cells within a particular tissue compartment such as the mammary duct without invasion of the surrounding tissue. In contrast, invasive carcinoma does not confine itself to the initial tissue compartment. Grading compares the appearance of the breast cancer cells to the appearance of normal breast tissue.
Normal cells in an organ like the breast become differentiated, meaning that they take on specific shapes and forms that reflect their function as part of that organ. Cancerous cells lose that differentiation. In cancer, the cells that would normally line up in an orderly way to make up the milk ducts become disorganized. Cell division becomes uncontrolled. Cell nuclei become less uniform. Pathologists describe cells as well differentiated low grademoderately differentiated intermediate gradeand poorly differentiated high grade as the cells progressively lose the features seen in normal breast cells.
Cancer female Breast
Poorly differentiated cancers the ones whose tissue is least like normal breast tissue have a worse prognosis. The primary tumor is 2 centimeters Breaast or less femals the lymph nodes are not affected. Cancer is found in nearby lymph nodes, and either there is no tumor in the breast, or the tumor is smaller than 2 centimeters. Stage 2 breast cancer Stage 2 breast cancers are also divided into two categories: Stage 3 breast cancer There are three main types of stage 3 breast cancer. This stage can have several types of cancer: Fekale cancer has spread to 4—9 axillary lymph nodes or has enlarged the internal mammary lymph nodes, and the primary tumor can be any size.
The tumor is bigger than 5 centimeters and small groups of cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes. Tumors are greater than 5 centimeters and the cancer has spread to 1—3 axillary lymph nodes or any breastbone nodes. A tumor has invaded the chest wall or skin and may or may not have invaded up to 9 lymph nodes. Cancer is found in 10 or more axillary lymph nodes, lymph nodes near the collarbone, or internal mammary nodes. Stage 4 breast cancer Stage 4 breast cancer can have a tumor of any size, and its cancer cells have spread to nearby and distant lymph nodes, as well as distant organs.
Metastatic breast cancer Metastatic breast cancer is another name for stage 4 breast cancer. This is the most serious type of breast cancer, and it requires immediate treatment. Your oncologist cancer doctor will create a treatment plan with the goal of stopping the growth and spread of the tumor, or tumors. Learn about treatment options for metastatic cancer, as well as factors that affect your outlook. After that, the two of you can discuss your treatment options.
Surgery is the most common treatment for breast cancer. In addition to surgery, most women have a complementary treatment, such as chemotherapy, radiation, Brest hormone therapy. Surgery Several types of surgery may be used to remove breast cancer, including: Breaat procedure removes only the suspicious or cancerous spot, leaving most surrounding Breaast in place. In this procedure, a surgeon removes an entire breast. In a double mastectomy, both breasts are removed. This surgery removes some of the lymph nodes that receive drainage from the tumor. These lymph nodes will be tested. Axillary lymph node dissection. If lymph nodes removed during a sentinel node biopsy test positive, your doctor may perform this procedure to remove additional lymph nodes.
Even though breast cancer may be present in only one breast, some women elect to have a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy. This surgery removes your healthy breast to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer again. Radiation therapy With radiation therapyhigh-powered beams of radiation are used to target and kill cancer cells.
Most radiation treatments use external beam radiation. There are Breadt ways of staging breast cancer. One way is from stage 0 to 4, but these may be broken down into smaller stages. Known as ductal carcinoma in Breast cancer female DCISthe cells are limited to within a duct and have not invaded surrounding tissues. At the beginning of this stage, the tumor is up to 2 Beast cm across and it has not affected any lymph nodes. The tumor is 2 cm across and it has started to spread to nearby nodes. The tumor is up to 5 cm across and it may have spread to some lymph nodes.
The cancer has spread to distant organs, especially the bones, liver, brain, or lungs. Causes After pubertya woman's breast consists of fat, connective tissue, and thousands of lobules, tiny glands that produce milk for breast-feeding. Tiny tubes, or ducts, carry the milk toward the nipple. In cancer, the body's cells multiply uncontrollably. It is the excessive cell growth that causes cancer. Breast cancer usually starts in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. Having your first child at an older age. Women who give birth to their first child after age 30 may have an increased risk of breast cancer.
Clip cancer cells have many on their surface and in their provocative and insecurity. Orbiter is found in personal lymph nodes, and either there is no specific in the town, or the tumor is bigger than 2 months.
Having never been pregnant. Women who have never been pregnant have a greater risk of breast cancer than do women who have had one or more pregnancies. Women who take femald therapy medications that combine estrogen and progesterone to treat the signs and symptoms of menopause have an fancer risk of breast cancer. The risk of breast cancer decreases when women stop taking these medications. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer. Prevention Breast cancer risk reduction for women with an average risk Breast self-exam Breast self-exam To perform a breast self-exam for breast awareness, use a methodical approach that ensures you cover your entire breast. For instance, imagine that your breasts are divided into equal wedges, like pieces of a pie, and sweep your fingers along each piece in toward your nipple.
Making changes in your daily life may help reduce your risk of breast cancer. Ask your doctor about breast cancer screening. Discuss with your doctor when to begin breast cancer screening exams and tests, such as clinical breast exams and mammograms. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening. Together, you can decide what breast cancer screening strategies are right for you. Become familiar with your breasts through breast self-exam for breast awareness. Women may choose to become familiar with their breasts by occasionally inspecting their breasts during a breast self-exam for breast awareness.